Electrocardiographic changes in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy

  • Dr. Vietla Sreeramulu Assistant Professor, Department of General Medicine, GSL Medical College, Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh, India
  • Dr. Ch Veerendra Ravi Kiran Assistant Professor, Department of General Medicine, GSL Medical College, Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh, India
  • Dr. Dharnesh Babu D. Resident, Department of General Medicine, GSL Medical College, Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh, India
  • Dr. T Jaya Chandra Scientist Incharge, Central Research laboratory, GSL Medical College, Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh, India
Keywords: Cardiomyopathy, Dilated, Dysfunction, Patient

Abstract

Introduction: Cardiomyopathy is the disease of the heart muscle, which causes deterioration of myocardial functioning. A study was conducted to find electrocardiographic findings in dilated cardiomyopathy.

Materials and methods: This was a hospital-based study, conducted in the department of General Medicine, GSL Medical College. Informed written consent was taken from each patient or his/her attendant prior to including in the study. Patients with dilated cardiomyopathy, both gender, all ages. Heart failure based on Framingham criteria, ECHO criteria – LV ejection fraction less than 45%, with left ventricular or biventricular dilatation, with global hypo-contractility were included in the study. ECG and 2 D Echo have been performed on the patients. Framingham criteria were used for the diagnosis of heart failure. Descriptive statistics were presented in the form of mean ± standard deviation and percentages.

Results: Total 102 patients were included in the study, with a mean age of 56.3 ±12.5 years, the male-female ratio was 1.9. Tachycardia was 61%, left axis deviation was present 34.3% and right axis deviation in 8.8%. Left ventricular end-diastolic and systolic diameters were elevated in most of the patients.

Conclusion: With these findings, it can be concluded severe LV systolic dysfunction is very common among dilated cardiomyopathy patients.

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Published
2020-02-29
How to Cite
1.
Sreeramulu V, Ravi Kiran CV, Babu D. D, Chandra TJ. Electrocardiographic changes in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy. Int J Med Res Rev [Internet]. 2020Feb.29 [cited 2020Apr.8];8(1):118-23. Available from: https://ijmrr.medresearch.in/index.php/ijmrr/article/view/1153
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Original Article

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