International Journal of Medical Research and Review https://ijmrr.medresearch.in/index.php/ijmrr <p><em><strong>ISSN: <a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/ISSN/2320-8686" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2320-8686 (Online)</a>, <a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/ISSN/2321-127X" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2321-127X (Print)</a></strong></em></p> en-US support@medresearch.in (Mr Daulat Ram) support@medresearch.in (Mr Daulat Ram) Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0530 OJS 3.1.2.1 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 A Study to Assess the Knowledge and attitude regarding impact Of Passive Smoking among Mothers of Under Five Children Attending Immunization Clinic at Selected Hospital of Jaipur (Raj) https://ijmrr.medresearch.in/index.php/ijmrr/article/view/1387 <p>Introduction: Healthy habits are a vital role to survive for long period even, such as eating well,avoiding harmful substances, exercising and yoga etc. Second-hand smoke (SHS) has two maincomponents, sidestream and mainstream smoke. Non-smokers can get affected by breathing incigarette smoke at home and in other areas outside home..</p> <p>Material and methods: It isdescriptive non-experimental study carried out among the mothers of under-five children atSPMCHI, Jaipur city (Rajasthan). Study was conducted in year 2020 and 60 mothers under-fivechildren were selected by using purposive non-probability sampling method. A pilot study wasperformed on 10 mothers of under-five children to test reliability and feasibility of study. Reliabilityof knowledge tool was conducted through Kuder and Richardson Formula 20 (KR20) result was 0.72and reliability of 5 point rating scale was analyzed by using the Cronbach alfa method it was 0.89.</p> <p>Results: Level of knowledge mothers of under-five children, which 60% (36) had poor knowledge,25% (15) had average knowledge and 15% (9) had good knowledge regarding impact of passivesmoking. Level of attitude of mothers under-five children, that 20% (12) had an unfavourableattitude, 67% (40) had neutral attitude, and 13% (8) had favourable attitude. It evidenced that forcorrelation between knowledge and attitude calculated value of Karl Pearson’s correlation coefficientis 0.11 and tabulated value of correlation coefficient is 0.250 for df 58 at 0.05 level ofsignificance.</p> <p>Conclusion: Present study reveals most of socio-demographic variables indicate asignificant association with level of knowledge regarding impact of passive smoking among mothersof under-five children except age and smoking habit of family member.</p> Prakash Salvi, Subhash Sharma, Ashok Yadav, Avinash Choudhary Copyright (c) 2022 Author (s). Published by Siddharth Health Research and Social Welfare Society https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://ijmrr.medresearch.in/index.php/ijmrr/article/view/1387 Wed, 01 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0530 The Knowledge and Attitude Regarding Hazards of Tobacco Chewing among People of Early Adulthood at Selected area, Jaipur https://ijmrr.medresearch.in/index.php/ijmrr/article/view/1382 <p>Introduction: Healthy habits are a vital role to survive for long period even, such as eating well,avoiding harmful substances, exercising and yoga etc. Second-hand smoke (SHS) has two maincomponents, sidestream and mainstream smoke. Non-smokers can get affected by breathing incigarette smoke at home and in other areas outside home..</p> <p>Material and methods: It isdescriptive non-experimental study carried out among the mothers of under-five children atSPMCHI, Jaipur city (Rajasthan). Study was conducted in year 2020 and 60 mothers under-fivechildren were selected by using purposive non-probability sampling method. A pilot study wasperformed on 10 mothers of under-five children to test reliability and feasibility of study. Reliabilityof knowledge tool was conducted through Kuder and Richardson Formula 20 (KR20) result was 0.72and reliability of 5 point rating scale was analyzed by using the Cronbach alfa method it was 0.89.</p> <p>Results: Level of knowledge mothers of under-five children, which 60% (36) had poor knowledge,25% (15) had average knowledge and 15% (9) had good knowledge regarding impact of passivesmoking. Level of attitude of mothers under-five children, that 20% (12) had an unfavourableattitude, 67% (40) had neutral attitude, and 13% (8) had favourable attitude. It evidenced that forcorrelation between knowledge and attitude calculated value of Karl Pearson’s correlation coefficientis 0.11 and tabulated value of correlation coefficient is 0.250 for df 58 at 0.05 level ofsignificance.</p> <p>Conclusion: Present study reveals most of socio-demographic variables indicate asignificant association with level of knowledge regarding impact of passive smoking among mothersof under-five children except age and smoking habit of family member.</p> Avinash Choudhary, Prakash Babulal Sharma, Prakash Salvi Copyright (c) 2022 Author (s). Published by Siddharth Health Research and Social Welfare Society https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://ijmrr.medresearch.in/index.php/ijmrr/article/view/1382 Mon, 06 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0530 Quality Improvement Project in the introduction of Major Trauma and Major Haemorrhage Protocol https://ijmrr.medresearch.in/index.php/ijmrr/article/view/1389 <p>Introduction: We recognised there was a need for a set criterion for the activation of MHP andMTTA at our Trust. The main aim is to streamline the trauma care that our patients would receivearound the clock. Ours is a large Major Trauma Unit regularly receiving a large volume of traumapatients of varying severity of injury</p> <p>Objective: The use of a checklist for the initial management of MTTA and MHP to ensure the process is streamlined and led by the trauma team leader. This wouldhelp reduce the cognitive load that is often presented to the team leader. This would also help directjunior team members with limited experience in the initial management of major trauma.</p> <p>Method/Intervention: An initial survey about MTTA and MHP from senior clinicians was carriedout. Several teaching sessions were undertaken. In addition to this, an algorithm for the initialmanagement in terms of transfer protocol was also introduced.</p> <p>Results: From the clinicians’perspective, 89% of the respondents felt that the use of MHP and MTTA protocol would reduce thecognitive load whilst managing major trauma. There was an improvement in the level of confidenceof clinicians in the initial management of major trauma from 52.9 % to 89%.</p> <p>Conclusion: Throughthis project, we hope that there is a better understanding of the need to have pre-defined criteria foractivation for MTTA and MTP for several reasons as highlighted in the article. The eventual aim of theproject is to streamline the initial management of the majorly injured patient and undertake thenecessary practical steps.</p> Debkumar Chowdhury Copyright (c) 2022 Author (s). Published by Siddharth Health Research and Social Welfare Society https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://ijmrr.medresearch.in/index.php/ijmrr/article/view/1389 Tue, 28 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0530