International Journal of Medical Research and Review <p><em><strong>ISSN: <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2320-8686 (Online)</a>, <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2321-127X (Print)</a></strong></em></p> en-US (Dr D Sharad Gedam) (Mr Mandeep Kapoor, Mob: 9977225727 (10 AM to 5 PM, Mon- Sat)) Mon, 18 Jan 2021 12:39:17 +0000 OJS 60 Study of knowledge, perception, and practice of patients regarding fasting requirements for blood glucose testing <p>Background: Patient preparation is one of the least standardized parts of the preanalytic phase of testing. Fasting blood glucose requires fasting for 8-12 hours as per various guidelines and also has several other requirements. Lack of communication, understanding, or compliance regarding hours-of-fasting, water-intake, avoidance of caloric snack/beverage, the sudden change in smoking, exercise, alcohol, medication, etc. introduces preanalytic errors.</p> <p>Method: To evaluate awareness, understanding, and compliance with fasting requirements, a face-to-face survey was done on outpatients in a Government Hospital in Pali, Rajasthan, India. Relatively more educated internet users were surveyed as controls through an online SurveyMonkey tool. Information collected included demographics, perception of above mentioned preanalytic factors related to fasting, and compliance.</p> <p>Results: 98 patients and 187 controls participated in the study. Perception about fasting requirements ranged from 0-17 hours. 71% of patients and 35% of controls perceived that nobody explained to them the duration or nature of fasting. The different sources of information had been used in different proportions by patients and controls. For imparting understanding and compliance about duration, and other requirements of fasting, the instruction was usually incomplete but still much more effective (p-value=0.000002) than formal education level (p-value=0.024). Financial status had a weak negative association with awareness but was not significant.</p> <p>Conclusion: 71% of patients and 35% of controls did not receive instructions for fasting. 40% of those instructed showed better compliance, but awareness was incomplete. The instruction was more effective than formal education in improving awareness and compliance. Improved awareness was strongly associated with receiving instruction and weakly associated with formal education but financial status showed only a weak negative association.</p> Dr. Asmita Hazra, Dr. Saptarshi Mandal, Dr. Seema L. Jawalekar, Dr. Jairam Rawtani, Ms. Minal Marlecha Copyright (c) 2021 Author (s). Published by Siddharth Health Research and Social Welfare Society Mon, 18 Jan 2021 12:40:02 +0000 Study of vitamin d levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus <p>Introduction: Diabetes is defined as a disturbance in intermediary metabolism manifesting as chronic sustained hyperglycemia, primarily due to either an absolute or a relative lack of insulin. Many epidemiological studies have demonstrated an inverse relationship between vitamin D levels and diabetes mellitus. However, there is a paucity of literature regarding the levels of vitamin D in type 2 diabetes, which is common in our community. This study was taken up to shed more light on this issue.</p> <p>Material and methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted at NRI Institute of Medical Sciences, Sangivalasa, Visakhapatnam district. Cases of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus attending to the outpatient department, diagnosed as per the ADA criteria of 2011, between the ages of 31 and 75 years constituted the material for the present study.</p> <p>Results and conclusion: Vitamin D levels were found to be significantly lower in the study group (19.91±7.0 ng/ml) as compared to the control group (32.22±4.0 ng/ml).</p> Dr. J.V. Srujan, Dr. Surya Prakash Rao Copyright (c) 2021 Author (s). Published by Siddharth Health Research and Social Welfare Society Thu, 04 Feb 2021 06:46:56 +0000