International Journal of Medical Research and Review <p><em><strong>ISSN: <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2320-8686 (Online)</a>, <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2321-127X (Print)</a></strong></em></p> en-US (Mr Daulat Ram) (Mr Daulat Ram) Sun, 30 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0530 OJS 60 Pulmonary and extrapulmonary tuberculosis, an inflammatory disease misdiagnosed as cancer <p><strong>Introduction</strong><strong>:</strong> tuberculosis is a serious infection associated with high mortally rate if not treated. The clinical and imaging presentation are usually nonspecific and can mimic malignancy; therefore, extrapulmonary TB should be considered in the differential diagnosis of any suspicious extrapulmonary masses, particularly in immunocompromised patients.</p> <p><strong>Objective</strong><strong>:</strong> the aim of this study is to analyzed 160 case of pulmonary and extra-pulmonary tuberculosis and correlate the pathological features with the clinical data and to find the most common differentiation diagnosis of both pulmonary and extrapulmonary tuberculosis</p> <p><strong>Methodology</strong><strong>:</strong> a retrospective analysis of 160 case of pulmonary and extra-pulmonary tuberculosis was performed. The age, the gender, the site, and the symptoms of the lesion were collected, extrapulmonary sites were detected including rare and unusual sites and the differential diagnosis of these lesion was highlighted. The data were plotted in graphs and were analyzed&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Result</strong><strong>:</strong> in our study 63.6% were male and 36.4 were females. Majority of the patients were in the age group of 21-30 years followed by 31- 40-year, cough and hemoptysis were the most common symptoms followed by cervical swelling with 39% and 33% respectively. The most common sites were lung with (39%) and cervical swelling with (33%). The main differential diagnosis for many pulmonary and all extra-pulmonary tuberculosis was malignancy</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong><strong>: </strong>tuberculosis is a serious young person disease that can affect almost every organ and tissue of the body and should be considered in the differential diagnosis of suspicious masses, as tuberculosis often misdiagnosed as cancer</p> <p><strong>keywords</strong>: Mycobacterium tuberculosis, cancer, malignancy, extrapulmonary.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Nabeia Gheryani Copyright (c) 2024 Author (s). Published by Siddharth Health Research and Social Welfare Society Sat, 25 May 2024 00:00:00 +0530 Antimicrobial Resistance and its Impact on Public Health <p><strong><em>Aim of the Study: </em></strong><em><span style="font-weight: 400;">The current study addresses the increasing threat of AMR and its direct impact on global public health. It aims to contribute to the existing knowledge about the key challenges of AMR, bringing attention to the need for further research and creating a combined effort in the battle with antimicrobial resistance.</span></em></p> <p><strong><em>Background &amp; Methods</em></strong><em><span style="font-weight: 400;">: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) has been considered one of the key problems that humankind has come across, showing a massive impact on public health globally. The continuous emergence of new microbial strains complicates it further by reducing the efficacy of the available antimicrobial drugs. For the current study, various scientific journals were studied from multiple resources. Furthermore, the websites of policymakers and agencies associated with this cause were studied and referred to.&nbsp;</span></em></p> <p><strong><em>Results &amp; Conclusions: </em></strong><em><span style="font-weight: 400;">The study has revealed a concerning trend of a steep increase in resistance of pathogens to antimicrobial agents. The major contributing factors which were identified during this study include misuse and overuse in the healthcare sector, inadequate prevention of infections and disease control, overuse in agriculture and the lack of novel antimicrobial agents. Several policies like the “One Health” approach by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) have been put in place as a means to combat the global public health problem. The study also highlights the need for policymakers, stakeholders and researchers to work in unison to combat the global issue.</span></em></p> KUSHAL MUKHERJEE Copyright (c) 2024 Author (s). Published by Siddharth Health Research and Social Welfare Society Thu, 20 Jun 2024 20:58:45 +0530