Role of Computed Tomography (CT) in traumatic head injury evaluation – a cross-sectional study

  • Dr. D Venkata Ramanana Rao Associate Professor, Department of Radiodiagnosis, GSL Medical College, Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh, India
  • Dr. Vinay NVP Associate Professor, Department of Radiodiagnosis, GSL Medical College, Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh, India
  • Dr K S Suneetha Resident, Department of Radiodiagnosis, GSL Medical College, Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh, India
  • Dr T. Jaya Chandra Scientist Incharge, Central Research laboratory, GSL Medical College, Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh, India
Keywords: Injury, Brain, Report, Patient

Abstract

Introduction: CT is the single primary modality in the evaluation of patients with acute head injuries. With these, a study was taken to find various clinico radiological patterns of head injuries and to correlate the CT features with clinical operative findings.

Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study carried in patients of head injury. The patients with a head injury, craniofacial trauma who underwent CT scanning were included in the study. Patients on the ventilator and with Glasgow coma scale <6 were excluded. Patients were scanned using dual Slice CT, Siemens somatom Emotion duo. A P-value of less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results: Total 223 patients were included, 76.2% were males and 73.5% were abnormal scans. Among all intracranial traumatic lesions (ITL) the incidence of multiple ITLs were the most common (35%) and the death rate was 12.6%. Temporal bone fractures (15.2%) were the highest.

Conclusion: It was concluded that 21 – 40 years is the typical age group for head injuries, common among male and the incidence of mortality rate is more > 61 years. MICTLs are the most frequent type of hematomas.

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Published
2020-02-12
How to Cite
1.
Ramanana Rao DV, NVP DV, K S S, Chandra TJ. Role of Computed Tomography (CT) in traumatic head injury evaluation – a cross-sectional study. Int J Med Res Rev [Internet]. 2020Feb.12 [cited 2020Jul.4];8(1):40-4. Available from: https://ijmrr.medresearch.in/index.php/ijmrr/article/view/1138
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Original Article

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