Clinical and Epidemiological profile of Anemia in central India

  • Dr Bhupendra Kumar Ratre Associate Professor in Medicine, L N Medical college, Bhopal, India
  • Dr Narmada Prasad Patel Assistant Professor in Medicine, L N Medical college, Bhopal, India
  • Dr Umesh Patel Associate Professor in Pediatrics, L N Medical college, Bhopal, India
  • Dr Roopesh Jain Associate Professor in Anesthesia, L N Medical college, Bhopal, India
  • Dr V K Sharma Professor in Medicine, GMC, Bhopal, India
Keywords: Anemia, Iron deficiency, Microcytic anemia, Nutritional anemia

Abstract

Background: The present, hospital based prevalence study has been conducted to assess the clinical and epidemiological profile of anemia in central India.

Methods: In this study 200 patients of anemia from medical out patients department and indoor wards, age between 15-70 years, randomly selected without any bias for sex, occupation, socio-economic status and duration of disease.

Results: This study shows that maximum number of patients (40%) were from age group 21-30 years. Between 15-30 years age group, prevalence of anemia was more in females than males. 57% study population have moderate anemia and 41% patients have severe anemia. Weakness & easy fatigability were most common (100%) presenting symptoms and pallor was most common (98% patients) clinical sign. Microcytic and hypochromic type peripheral smear was most common laboratory findings (59% cases). Nutritional anemia was the most common type of anemia (84%).

Conclusions: Nutritional deficiency anemia is the most common cause of anemia among population, and iron deficiency is the most common nutritional deficiency in population.

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CITATION
DOI: 10.17511/ijmrr.2014.i01.09
Published: 2019-10-31
How to Cite
1.
Kumar Ratre B, Prasad Patel N, Patel U, Jain R, Sharma VK. Clinical and Epidemiological profile of Anemia in central India. Int J Med Res Rev [Internet]. 2019Oct.31 [cited 2021Oct.25];2(1):45-2. Available from: https://ijmrr.medresearch.in/index.php/ijmrr/article/view/57
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Original Article

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