A study to assess the practice of biomedical waste management and its influencing factors among health care providers at selected hospitals of Kolkata, West Bengal.

  • Ngamning Ngoruw Moyon MSc Nurse, Medical- Surgical Specialit y
  • Khumukcham Anupama Devi Tutor, Child Health Nursing Department, College of Nursing, A.I.I.M.S , Patna, Bihar , India
Keywords: Biomedical Waste Management, Factors influencing, Health Care Providers, Practice.


Background: Mismanagement of healthcare waste puts the community, the patients and healthcare workers at risk, both in terms of the risks from inadequate storage, transportation and disposal of infectious waste and from the environmental risks arising from hazardous burning. A descriptive survey was undertaken to assess the practice of Biomedical Waste Management and its influencing factors among health care providers.

Method: Quantitative, non-experimental Survey Research Design was adopted. A total of 105 health care providers, namely the Staff Nurses, Doctors and Group-D staff, were selected by convenient sampling technique from three government hospitals. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used for data analysis.

Result: The study findings revealed that the mean practice scores for Staff Nurses, Doctors and Group-D staff were 16.66, 14.77 and 16.03, respectively. There was a statistically significant association between the practice score of Staff Nurses and their age (χ2(1) = 8.11, p<0.05) and period of working experience in the hospital setup (χ2(1) = 8.24, p<0.05). The factors like unawareness (28.6%), lack of training or in-service education (41.9%), overload of work (61%), lack of supervision (36.2%), lack of audit (36.2%), lack of supplies (61.9%) as expressed by the health care providers also emerged from the study which is probably the negative factors leading to their average practice and poor practice.

Conclusion From the study findings, it can be concluded that only a few of the practices of health care providers were good, of which Staff Nurses were the majority group who adhere to good practices.


Download data is not yet available.


Muluken, Azage, Gebrehiwot Haimanot, and Molla Mesafint. "Healthcare waste management practices among healthcare workers in healthcare facilities of Gondar town, Northwest Ethiopia." (2014).

Sharma, A. K. Bio Medical Waste (Management and Handling) Rules. Bhopal: Suvidha Law House (1998).

Ministry of Environment and Forests. Bio-medical waste management and handling rules, second amendment. 2000 June. Available at http://envfor.nic.in Accessed on November 28, 2012

World Health Organization South-East Asia region New Delhi. Safe management of Bio-medical sharps waste in India – A report on alternative treatment and non- burn disposal practices. 2005. 13-38. Available at www.healthcarewaste.org. Accessed on November 28, 2012

Mostafa GM, Shazly MM, Sherief WI. Development of a waste management protocol based on assessment of knowledge and practice of healthcare personnel in surgical departments. Waste Manag. 2009 Jan;29(1):430-9. doi: 10.1016/j.wasman.2007.12.009.

Verma LK, Mani S, Sinha N, Rana S. Biomedical waste management in nursing homes and smaller hospitals in Delhi. Waste Manag. 2008 Dec;28(12):2723-34. doi: 10.1016/j.wasman.2007.12.013.

Shafee M, Kasturwar N, Nirupama N. Study of Knowledge, Attitude and Practices Regarding Biomedical Waste among Paramedical Workers. Indian J Community Med. 2010 Apr;35(2):369-70. doi: 10.4103/0970-0218.66871.

El-Sayed, Sahar Hamdy, Abeer Mohamed Zakaria, and N. A. Gheith. "Intervention program for nurses about health care waste management." Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences 7.1 (2012): 25-37.

Mathur V, Dwivedi S, Hassan M, Misra R. Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices about Biomedical Waste Management among Healthcare Personnel: A Cross-sectional Study. Indian J Community Med. 2011 Apr;36(2):143-5. doi: 10.4103/0970-0218.84135.

Kaur S. A Comparative Study on knowledge and practices of Nurses regarding Biomedical Waste Management in selected Government Hospitals. N.M.R.J. 2011 July;7(3):130-40. Available at http://medind.nic.in/nad/t11/i3/nadt11i3p130.pdf. Accessed on February 11, 2013

How to Cite
Ngamning Ngoruw Moyon, Khumukcham Anupama Devi. A study to assess the practice of biomedical waste management and its influencing factors among health care providers at selected hospitals of Kolkata, West Bengal. Int J Med Res Rev [Internet]. 2022Jan.14 [cited 2022Jun.28];9(6):357-6. Available from: https://ijmrr.medresearch.in/index.php/ijmrr/article/view/1332
Original Article