A cross-sectional study on knowledge and perception about preventive strategies of selected vector-borne diseases among the rural population of coastal Karnataka
Background and Objectives: Malaria and other vector-borne diseases (Dengue, Chikungunya and Filariasis) are a major public health problem in WHO’s South-East Asia Region. Due to the growing resistance to pesticides and drugs, there is a need to set up integrated vector management strategies. These strategies should involve local communities in managing the environment to decrease the health risks and increase the sustainability of programmes to control these vector-borne diseases. Hence, an important step in disease management is educating the local community regarding vector-borne diseases and their prevention.
Objectives: To assess the Knowledge & perception regarding preventive strategies of selected vector-borne diseases among the study population.
Methods: This study was conducted in two selected villages. A cross-sectional study design was used with a sample size of 966. A questionnaire method was used to collect the data.
Results: Around 46.5% of them had good knowledge regarding preventive strategies of vector-borne diseases. Whereas, Around 42.2% and 40% of the population had average perception and high perception respectively.
Conclusion: Even though only half of the population had good knowledge regarding preventive strategies for vector-borne diseases. Most of them had average to high perceptions about preventive strategies. Hence to increase their knowledge many camps and health education activities should be conducted on vector-borne diseases and should mainly emphasize community participation to increase their awareness. So that it leads to better practice which in turn will lead to a decrease in vector-borne diseases.
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