Role of Physiotherapy in Hospitalised Patients of COVID-19 disease
Introduction: Respiratory physiotherapy is one of the therapeutic methods in various respiratory viral infections. Breathing exercises with other interventions, could enhance the total lung capacity and symptom alleviation in patients with virus-related acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).
Aim: To study the clinical evaluation of the role of physiotherapy in hospitalised patients of covid-19 diseases.
Method: This was an Observational (prospective, cross-sectional) study. 187 patients were recruited and diagnosed as COVID-19 as per RTPCR at NSCB Medical College, Jabalpur (MP). Patients were randomised into the physiotherapy group and controlled group. Patients in the physiotherapy group were undergone positional changes, prone ventilation, Breathing exercise, Resistive training, Passive joint motion, Muscle stretching, Bedside standing training, endurance exercise by a specialized physiotherapist. Mean cough severity index, MMRC grade, respiration rate and peripheral blood saturation were recorded before and after intervention and compared with the controlled group.
Result: There was significant improvement found in MMRC grade and respiration rate after physical therapy in the physiotherapy group (p-value < 0.05). Exertional dyspnoea and cough severity index significant deceased in physiotherapy group. The positive change was found in peripheral blood saturation. There was decreased in hospitalization stay in the physiotherapy group as compared to the controlled group.
Conclusion: Our study revealed the positive effect of physiotherapy on covid-19 disease in terms of symptoms and hospitalization duration among the physiotherapy group. Physiotherapy exerts a beneficial role in the management of the covid-19 disease.
The Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Society. The Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Society (ANZICS) COVID-19 Guidelines Version 1. 2020
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