Study of functional outcome in low grade spondylolisthesis operated by pedicular screw instrumentation and fusion
Background: Functional outcome following instrumental spinal surgery for spondylolisthesis in physically energetic patients is crucial. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the functional outcome of low-grade spondylolisthesis accompanied by low back pain with or without radiculopathy, with standard surgical procedure posterior lumbar interbody fusion with instrumentation.
Method: In this study total of 40 patients were operated on for low-grade spondylolisthesis by posterior stabilization using a pedicular screw rod system and posterior lumbar interbody fusion. All the patients were followed up till 6 months after surgery and functional outcomes were noted.
Results: Assessment of this series it was observed that, 57.5% of the patient had excellent outcome, 37.5% had a good outcome and 97.5% of the study population had satisfactory outcome (improvement in clinical results). There was a significant improvement in pain intensity, walking, lifting, standing, sleeping after surgery. The mean ODI difference between preoperative and post-operative at 6 months follow up was 36.12% (16.75). In the outcome, 62.5% of the patient consisted of severe disability and 32.5% were with moderate disability (total-95%) while postoperative 87.5% were with a minimal disability and only 2.5% of the study population had worsened i.e crippled.
Conclusion: The study concluded that surgery in form of decompression with instrumentation and posterior lumbar interbody is a safe and effective method to treat spondylolisthesis.
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