Mental health of cisgender and transgender during COVID-19 pandemic

  • Amitab Bhattacharjee Research Associate, Department of Business Administration, Toyo University, Japan
  • Asghar Afshar Jahanshahi Associate Professor, CENTRUM Católica Graduate Business School, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú (PUCP), Peru
  • Mashiur Rahman Bhuiyan Assistant Register, University of Information Technology and Sciences (UITS), Bangladesh
  • Sakera Sultana Resident, Department of Anesthesia, Analgesia and Intensive Care Medicine, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Bangladesh
Keywords: SARS-CoV-2, COVID–19, Mental health, Cisgender and Transgender, Bangladesh

Abstract

Normally every individual wants to lead a free life movement but sometimes could not possible due to external environmental effects. During and after the home quarantine, people are still scared by consistent death and infected news of the 2019-nCoV pandemic. Which is why most of the persons have been feeling insecure and nervous that significantly growing up long term stress. The current study depicts the ongoing mental health condition of Bangladeshi cisgender and transgender individuals caused by the SARS-CoV-2 outbreak.

Methods: A quarter-long cross-sectional survey has been conducted to observe the current mental health condition of the people in Bangladesh. The current study surveyed 1162 participants in the country. The DASS21 scale was used to measure the stress level of individuals.

Outcomes: Results show that Bangladeshi individuals experienced a high level of stress (STD-15.28, Mean-32.61) that was higher than other recent studies such as China (STD: 5.45; Mean: 23.65). As a result, high levels of mental stress would be a reason for long-term mental illness after the 2019-nCoV pandemic, which may decline the health and working productivity. However, this study didn’t find any significant link between age/education levels and mental stress.

Conclusion: The study findings disclosed that the growing up mental stress issue is holding a wide variety of people captive in its claws. Therefore, the study suggests that more studies on mental illness should be required in every region around the world. This may help to make experimental mental health recommendations and possible outlines for starting a healthy life after the COVID-19 pandemic.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Bao Y, Sun Y, Meng S, Shi J, Lu L. 2019-nCoV epidemic: address mental health care to empower society. Lancet. 2020;395(10224):e37-e38. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30309-3.

Mamun MA, Griffiths MD. First COVID-19 suicide case in Bangladesh due to fear of COVID-19 and xenophobia: Possible suicide prevention strategies. Asian J. Psychiatr. 2020;51:102073. doi: 10.1016/j.ajp.2020.102073.

Somoy News, Youth Suicide in Gaibandha Due to Doubt of Corona (In Bangla). 2020. Retrieved on March 31, 2020, Available from: https://m.somoynews.tv/pages/details/204558.

Ruiz FJ, Martín MBG, Falcón JCS, González PO. The hierarchical factor structure of the Spanish version of Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale-21. Int. J. Psychol. Psychol. Ther. 2017;17(1):97-105. Retrieved from https://www.redalyc.org/articulo.oa?id=56049624007.

Xiang YT, Yang Y, Li W, Zhang L, Zhang Q, Cheung T, Ng CH. Timely mental health care for the 2019 novel coronavirus outbreak is urgently needed. Lancet Psychiatry. 2020;7(3):228-229. doi: 10.1016/S2215-0366(20)30046-8.

Zhang SX, Wang Y, Rauch A, Wei F. Unprecedented disruption of lives and work: Health, distress and life satisfaction of working adults in China one month into the COVID-19 outbreak. Psychiatry Res. 2020;288:112958. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2020.112958.

Stenqvist T. The social struggle of being HIJRA in Bangladesh-cultural aspiration between inclusion and illegitimacy. 2015. Retrieved from https://muep.mau.se/bitstream/handle/2043/18568/Stenqvist-T-DP15%20final.pdf.

Dhakatribune. Coronavirus: Transgenders hit hard as lockdown bites. 2020. Retrieved from https://www.dhakatribune.com/health/coronavirus/2020/04/18/coronavirus-your-transgender-neighbour-sleeps-on-an-empty-stomach.

Antony, M.M., Bieling, P.J., Cox, B.J., Enns, M.W. and Swinson, R.P. Psychometric properties of the 42-item and 21-item versions of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales in clinical groups and a community sample. Psychol. Assess.1998;10(2):176. doi: 10.1037/1040-3590.10.2.176.

Khan SI, Hussain MI, Parveen S, Bhuiyan MI, Gourab G, Sarker GF, Arafat SM, Sikder J. Living on the extreme margin: social exclusion of the transgender population (hijra) in Bangladesh. J Health Popul. Nutr. 2009;27(4):441.

Fortunato VJ, Harsh J. Stress and sleep quality: The moderating role of negative affectivity. Personality and Individual Differences. 2006;41(5):825-836.

CITATION
DOI: 10.17511/ijmrr.2020.i05.02
Published: 2020-10-28
How to Cite
1.
Amitab Bhattacharjee, Asghar Afshar Jahanshahi, Mashiur Rahman Bhuiyan, Sakera Sultana. Mental health of cisgender and transgender during COVID-19 pandemic. Int J Med Res Rev [Internet]. 2020Oct.28 [cited 2020Dec.5];8(5):344-51. Available from: https://ijmrr.medresearch.in/index.php/ijmrr/article/view/1218
Section
Original Article