Study on the Correlation Between Vitamin D and BMI in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Ponnambalam A.1, Prabhu G.2*
1 A Ponnambalam, Associate Professor, Department of General Medicine, SVMCH and RC, Pondicherry, , India.
2* G Prabhu, Professor, Department of General Medicine, SVMCH and RC, Pondicherry, , India.
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with increased morbidity and mortality due to the development of complications, especially due to poor glycaemic control. Besides its role in calcium homeostasis, Vitamin D has been involved in the pathophysiology as well as glycaemic control of type 2 DM. 100 patients diagnosed with type 2 DM were included. Vitamin D levels along with BMI were measured in all the individuals. In our study, we had the youngest patient with 18years and the oldest patient with 78years. In the present study, we had maximum patients in the age group between 41 to 50 years similar to various other studies. In our study male was 68% with females were 38%. In the present study, we estimated vitamin D levels in all subjects and categorization was done as <20 and more than 20 ng/dl.48% of patients had vitamin D levels below 20ng/dl. In the present study, we compared the values of BMI with vitamin D levels where we did not notice much difference with the mean of individual category. In conclusion, we have identified a correlation concerning vitamin D levels when compared with BMI statistically. Since the physiological role of Vitamin D in pancreatic beta-cell function and insulin sensitivity is well appreciated, and considering that almost 50% of the diabetes patients in the present study are Vitamin D deficient, it is suggested that Vitamin D levels improve the BMI in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients.
Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, BMI, Glycaemic control, Vitamin D
|Corresponding Author||How to Cite this Article||To Browse|
, Professor, Department of General Medicine, SVMCH and RC, Pondicherry, , India.|
|A Ponnambalam, G Prabhu, Study on the Correlation Between Vitamin D and BMI in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Int J Med Res Rev. 2022;10(2):63-68.